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  Civil Services

Civil Servants work at the Centre and the States. The people in civil services need–clear perception, sound judgement, an ability to carry ideological convictions and most importantly genuine interest in people and fair dealings. A bureaucrat must have leay and most important a concern for society. The popularity of government jobs are attracting aspdership qualities, loyalty, sinceritirants to all cadres.

  • All India Services


The Central Services
Group A : Group “A” includes the following services :

  • Indian Posts & Telegraphs Accounts and Finance Service
  • Indian Audit & Accounts Service
  • Indian Customs & Central Excise Service
  • Indian Revenue Service
  • Indian Ordinance Factories Service
  • Indian Postal Service
  • Indian Civil Accounts Service
  • Indian Railway Traffic Service
  • Indian Railway Personnel Service
  • Indian Railway Accounts Service
  • Posts of Assistants Security Officer in Railway Protection Service
  • Indian Defence Estates Service
  • Indian Information Service
  • Central Trade Service
  • Posts of Assistant Commandant in the Central Industrial Security Force, etc.

Group B : On the other hand, Group “B” includes the following departments :

  • Central Secretariat Service
  • Railway Board Secretariat Service
  • Armed Forces Headquarters Civil Service
  • Customs Appraisers Service
  • Delhi and Andaman and Nicobar Islands Civil Service
  • Delhi and Andaman and Nicobar Islands Police Service
  • Central Bureau of Investigation
  • Pondicherry Civil & Police Services.
  • State Civil Services
    Selection of Civil Servants for the States is the responsibility of the State. There are State Public Service Commissions in every state, like the UPSC at the Centre, which conduct selection examinations for filling up vacancies in the various Group A, B, C and other State services.

Civil Services Examination

Eligibility : →  A candidate must be between the ages of 21 and 30.
                   →  Candidate must hold a Degree of any University.

Notification : December

Exam : Prelims. Examination – May; Main Exam : – October /November; Interview : – March

Selection Procedure : →  Preliminary Examination (Prelims)
                                    →  Main Examination (Mains).

After that there is the personality test of viva voce before the final selection. Candidates are allowed to take civil services exam only thrice.

  1. Preliminary examination will consists of two papers:
    Paper I    General Studies   150 marks
    Paper II  Optional Subject  300 marks

    Both the question papers will be of the objective type (Multiple choice questions). The course content of the syllabi for the optional subjects will be of the degree level. The question papers are both in Hindi and English and each paper will be of 2 hrs. duration.

    Optional Subjects : These are the optional subjects : –
• Agriculture • Animal Husbandry & Veterinary Sciencs • Mechanical Engineering
• Philosophy • Botany • Physics
• Chemistry • Political Science • Civil Engineering
• Psychology • Commerce • Medical Science
• Public Administration • Economics • Sociology
• Electrical Engineering • Statistics • Geography
• Zoology • Geology • Law
• Indian History • Mathematics  

Main Examination : The number of candidates generally admitted for the Mains is about 12-15 times the total number of estimated vacancies to be filled in that year in the various services and posts.

Written Examination : The Written Examination consists of eight papers of conventional subjective (essay) type questions each carrying 300 marks. The details are as under :

Paper I : One of the Indian languages included in the Eighth Schedule to the Constitution. (Assamese, Bengali, Gujarati, Hindi, Kannada, Kashmiri, Malayalam, Marathi, Oriya, Punjabi, Sanskrit, Sindhi, Tamil, Telugu and Urdu.)
Paper II : English
Paper III : Essay
Paper IV & V : General Studies.
Paper VI, VII, VIII : (Optional) Any two of the following subjects :

• Agriculture • Animal Husbandry & Veterinary Sc. • Anthropology
• Botany • Chemistry • Civil Engineering
• Commerce & Accountancy • Economics • Electrical Engineering
• Geography • Geology • History
• Law • Management • Mathematics
• Mechanical Engineering • Medical Science • Philosophy
• Physics • Political Sc. & International Relations • Psychology
• Public Administration • Sociology • Statistics and Zoology.
• Literature of any one of these languages

(Bengali, Chinese, Gujarati, Hindi, Kannada, Kashmiri, Marathi, Malayalam, Oriya, Pali, Punjabi, Sanskrit, Sindhi, Tamil, Telugu, Urdu, Arabic , Manipuri, Nepali, Konkani, Assamese, Persian, German, French, Russian and English)

Combination not allowed :

◊ Political Science & Public Administration ◊ Commerce & Accountancy and Management
◊ Anthropology & Sociology ◊ Mathematics & Statistics
◊ Management & Public Administration ◊ Agriculture & Animal Husbandry and Veterinary Science
◊ Engineering Subjects : – Civil, Electrical & Mechanical Engineering
(Not more than one of these subjects)

Question papers are of the conventional essay type, each carrying 300 marks.

The papers on Indian languages and English (I and II) are of qualifying nature and the marks obtained in these are not counted for the ranking. Their standard is of Matriculation level.

Interview : It is the last segment of the selection procedure carrying 250 marks with no minimum qualifying marks.
Professionals Entry : UPSC also conducts selection examinations for other Government Services besides Civil Services. Recruitment of Doctors, Engineers, Geologists, Economists and Statisticians for posts in the Central Government organizations is done by UPSC.

Eligibility, Test Format and Period of Selection

Entrance Qualification Required Age Test Format
Combined Medical
Services (1 day)
MBBS Degree Below 32
on 1st Jan.
Notification : August
Written Test : General
Medicine including ENT, Opthalmology,
Dermatology & Orthopedics; Preventive
Medicine & Community Health including
Family Welfare, Maternal & Child Health
and Other National Programmes;
Obstetrics and gynecology.
Personality Test.
Geologists (3 day) Masters in Geology /
Applied Geology / Marine
Geology or Marine Geo.
in Applied Geology of School of
Mines, Dhanbad/M.Sc. in
Mineral Exploration, Karnataka
Univ. or equivalent
21-30 on
1st Jan.
Written Test : Objective Type
(Multiple Choice Answers)

Notification : June
English, Geology Paper I, II
& Paper-III Hydrogeology

Test : November
Indian Economic
Statistical Service
For IES Degree with Economics
or Statistics as a subject.
For ISS Degree with Economics/
Statistics/Maths as a subject
21-28 on
1st Jan.
Notification : June
Written Test : IES; Gen. Eng.;
Gen. Studies; Gen. Eco.-I, Gen. Eco.-II
Indian Economics. ISS; Gen. English;
Gen. Studies; Statistics I; Statistics II,
Statistics III
(3 days exam)
B.E./M.Sc. with Wireless
Communication, Electronics,
Radio Physics or Radio Engg.
as special subjects for certain
21-30 on
1st Aug.
Notification: Jan.
Written Test :
Sec. I : Objective Type Questions.
Sec. II : Conventional Papers
subject only which cover Civil, Mechanical, Electrical,
Electronics & Telecommunications Engg.
Personality Test.
Assistants Grade Degree 20-25 on
1st Jan.
Written Test : Essay; English; Arithmetic
General Knowledge including Geography
of India.

Date of Advertisement : October / April / May / March.
Date of Examination : April / September ; August October.
Other exams conducted by UPSC are Indian Forest Services, NDA, CDS & Special class Railway Apprentices.

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