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Careers after 10 2

  Shipping Industry


Today the shipping industry is part of the transportation sector, which includes services that move cargo and passengers by water. The shipping industry hence has three sections: people who work in merchant navy, those involved with basic processes and logistics of shipping, and those employed at ports and docks.

Entry and Career Progression
Physics and Mathematics at the XII level is required for entry into the Merchant Navy as well as for the ship building industry. Entry to Merchant Navy is open to school leavers through two routes the rigorous entry route expects candidates to take the entrance test for government sponsored Merchant Navy training. Those seeking on the job training as deck cadets may enrol with pre-sea training Institutes. Marine Engineers and ship builders have a science background. They have to go through an initial training in marine engineering, mechanical engineering, navel architecture after school.

  • Academy of Maritime Education and Training
    3/4/5, Ambedkar Street, Gandhinagar, Saligramam, Chennai- 600093.
    Courses Offered :
    1. Correspondence course for preparing for the qualifying examination held by the Institute of Chartered Shipbrokers (ICS) for Membership of the Institute of Chartered Shipbrokers (MICS). The course is conducted in association with the Institute of Chartered Shipbrokers, London.
    2. Off campus programme in association with Alagapa University, Tamilnadu. 2 Year full time MBA in Shipping and Port Management.
      Eligibility : Graduation with 50% marks
  • Narottam Morarjee Institute of Shipping
    76 Jolly Maker Chambers No. 2, Nariman Point, Mumbai-400021.
    Course : Diploma in Shipping Management and Associateship Course. The course covers all commercial and management aspects of shipping.
    Eligibility : Graduation, candidates appearing for their final year degree examination can obtain provisional admission. SSC or equivalent with 3 years shipping experience is needed for Associateship course.
    The presea training course are offered to students preparing to enter jobs at ports and docks.
  • Institute of Rail Transport
    Rail Bhawan, Raisina Road, New Delhi-110001.
    Course : Diploma in Multimodel Transport (Contain erisation) & Logistics Management. This is a one year correspondence course for candidates seeking employment in Rail, Road, Sea, air, Ports or those who wish to work in warehousing, freight forwarding, customs, shipping lines as shipping agents.
    Eligibility : Degree / Diploma (In Engineering discipline)

Merchant ships came into existence as soon as men were able to build a craft that could float and carry people and cargo. The first well-organised merchant ships were from Venice and Genoa in Southern Europe and Hamburg and Bremen in North Europe.

  • Nautical training Ship ‘Chanakya’
    T.S. ‘Chanakya’ imparts maritime education and training to the prospective navigating officers of this country. It is affiliated to the University of Bombay as a degree college for conducting a three years degree course in Nautical Science. The syllabus is designed to give broad based marine education, with special emphasis on fundamentals of marine subjects and practical aspect of the profession.
    Course : The subjects include:
    • English & Communication Skill      • Applied Mathematics
    • Physics & Electronics                  • Computer Science & Marine Management.
    Practical Training : Practicals in subjects, held as per the University of Bombay requirements for Navigation are as
    follows :

    • Astronomy
    • Practical Navigation
    • Electronic Navigational Aids (viz. Radar, Decca, Loran, Satellite Navigator etc.)

    The practical training includes maintenance work of the ship and experience in handling various Navigational Instruments together with boatwork, both under oars and power. All drills carried out on sea going ships pertaining to safety of life are regularly exercised on board.

  • Marine Engineering Research Institute (MERI), Kolkata
    (Formerly Directorate of Marine Engg. & Training)
    P-19, Taratola Rd., Kolkata 700088.

    The MERI has Head Quarters at Kolkata and branch at Mumbai. These are the only Institutions in India for training of Marine Engineers for the Indian Merchant Navy.

    Selection to T S Chanakya and MERI : Candidates for admission to Training Ship “Chanakya”, Mumbai and Directorate to Marine Engineering, Kolkata, are selected on the basis of a common entrance examination IIT-JEE. The number of seats for each of the institutions is fixed on the basis of projected employment opportunities. Number of candidates admitted to these institutions varies each year.

    Eligibility for admission : Admission is open to unmarried Indian male and female candidates. Candidates from friendly countries may be directly admitted with the approval of the Government of India in the Ministry of Surface Transport.

    Age Limit : A candidate must not exceed 20 years of age on 1st September, of the year of entry. This age limit is relaxably by 5 years in the case of candidates belonging to SC/ST.

    Academic Qualification : The minimum academic qualification for admission to Training Ship “Chanakya” and Directorate of Marine Engineering Training is a pass in a Final examination of Standard XII of 10+2 system or its equivalent, having passed individually in Physics, Chemistry and Mathematics as elective subjects. A list of Qualifying examination is given below :
    • Higher Secondary Examination of any recognised Central / State Board of Secondary Education under the 10 + 2 systems.
    • Intermediate Science/Technical or two-year pre-university examination conducted by recognised Board/University.
    • First year examination of five year integrated courses of IITs/Recognised Institutes / Universities.
    • All India Senior School Certificate Examination conducted by the Central Board of Secondary Education, New Delhi.
    • Indian School Certificate (10 + 2) Examination of the Council of the Indian school of Examination, New Delhi.
    • First year examination of a three year degree course of any recognised Indian University.
    • Final examination of the two-year course of Joint Service Wing of the National Defence
    • Any Public School / Board / University Examination in India equivalent to the 10+2 system as recognised by the Association of Indian Universities.
    • Any Public School / Board / University Examination in Foreign countries equivalent to the 10+2 system in India, as recognised by the Association of Indian Universities.

Physical fitness : A candidate for admission is examined for physical fitness by authorised medical authorities. The candidate must be physically fit and meet the medical requirements as specified.
Reservation of seats : 15 per cent of the total seats available to Indian nationals is reserved for eligible students belonging to Scheduled Casts and 7.5 per cent for Scheduled Tribes provided they satisfy other requirements.
Mode of selection : From 1995 the selection for admission to the B.Sc. Nautical Science degree of ‘TS Chanakya’ Mumbai and four years Marine Engineering Degree course at Marine Engineering Research Institute, Kolkata is made though the Joint examination conducted by the IIT. After the written test a merit list is prepared. Although a student may express his / her preference for one course of training or the other, the final distribution of the candidate between the 2 courses of training is at the discretion of the Director General of Shipping.
Address for contact :
Directorate General of Shipping
Jahaz Bhavan, Walchand Hirachand Marg
Ballard Estate, Mumbai 400001.

    Aviation begin with military role and today has an important impact in both civil and military areas. Air India started its first flight to London in 1948. The aviation industry in India has two distinct sectors : Commercial and Military. Commercial aviation includes passenger airlines and cargo planes, international air services, air taxi and charter operations being its major functions. Military aviation comprises the Indian Air Force and the aviation arms of the Navy and Army.

    Licence for flying is essential to become a commercial pilot. The licences have to be procured in the following
    order :
    • Student Pilot Licence (SPL) • Private Pilot Licence (PPL) • Commercial Pilot Licence (CPL)

    • Student Pilot Licence : This is an Examination conducted by flying clubs in every State and covers papers in Air Regulations, Aviation Meteorology, Air Navigation, Air Technical. It is a theory exam.
      Eligibility : Age of 16 years minimum and pass in Class X. A medical certificate of fitness, security clearance required.
      Selection : Candidates taking the SPL test have to face an oral test on a fixed day every month. Candidates have to enrol themselves a month before the examination. Selected candidates go through a medical test. Air Force Central Medical Establishment (AFCME), Subroto Park, New Delhi and Institute of Aviation Medicine (IAM), Vimanpura Bangalore, are the final authorities for medical fitness. After medical clearance the candidate gets the SPL. Candidates are also required to pass the Pilot Aptitude Test.
    • Private Pilot Licence : After getting the SPL the candidate accompanied by the flying instructor proceeds for initial flying training. This is a dual flight, where the instructor or trainer accompanies the learner to teach him the practical aspects of flying. Then the candidates gets his first flight normally after about 15 hours of dual flying. This includes cross country flying. A total of 60 hours of flying is needed of which 20 hours minimum should be solo and five hours cross country.

      Theory Exam : There is a theory examination also, the subjects are: Air Regulations, Aviation Meteorology, Air Navigation, Aircraft Engines, Seamanship.

    Eligibility : 10 + 2 and medical fitness certificate from AFCME or IAM. The age requirement is 17 years.

  • Commercial Pilot Licence : A student can get the CPL by doing his flying training for 190 hours to complete 250 hours of flying.
    Training facilities are available with Flying Clubs in India, Indira Gandhi Rashtriya Uran Academy, Raibareilly, UP, Private Academies in India or Flying School in USA or Europe, Australia, Gulf, etc.
    Educational Eligibility : XII with Physics and Maths. Current PPL licence with flying experience in the last 3 years.
    Age : 18 years to 30 years
    Medical fitness : As granted by AFCME, New Delhi / IAM, Bangalore.
    Written Examination : A written examination in the following subjects is needed for getting the CPL are Air Regulations, Aviation Meteorology, Air Navigation, Technical, Planning. These examinations are conducted by Flying Clubs 6 times a year.
    Actual flying experience required : 250 hours of total flying time (150 hours of solo, 25 hours of cross country, 10 hours of instrument flying, 5 hours of night flying).

Various Flying Clubs Imparting Pilots Training in India

  • Indira Gandhi Rashtriya Uran Academy
    fursatgung Airfield, Raibareli-229302 (UP)
  • Andaman Nicobar Flying Training Institute
    Lambaline Airport Port Blair (Andaman).
  • Assam Flying Club
    Guwahati Airport, Guwahati-781007 (Assam)
  • Government Aviation Training Institute
    Civil Aerodrome, Bhubaneshwar (Orissa)
  • Flying Training Institute
    Behala, Kolkata-700060. (WB)
  • Pinjore Aviation Club
    Civil Aerodrome, Ambala 134102 (Haryana)
  • Hisar Aviation Club
    Textile Road, Hisar-125002 (Haryana).
  • Karnal Aviation Club
    Kunjpura Road, Karnal (Haryana)
  • Northern India Flying Club
    Jallundhar Cantt.-144005
  • Patiala Aviation Club
  • Ludhiana Aviation Club
    Civil Aerodrome, PO sahnswal, Ludhiana (Pb.)
  • School of Aviation Science & Technology
    Delhi Flying Club Ltd.
    Safdarjung Airport, New Delhi-110003.
  • Government Flying Club
    Aerodrome, Faizabad (UP).
  • Nagpur Flying Club
    Sonegaon Aerodrome, Nagpur (MP)
  • Mumbai Flying Club
    Juhu Aerodrome
    Santa Cruz West, Mumbai-400049 (MS)
  • Rajasthan State Flying School
    Sanganer Airport, Jaipur.
  • Madhya Pradesh Flying Club
    Civil Aerodrome, Bhopal (MP)
  • Andhra Pradesh Flying Club
    Hyderabad Airport, Hyderabad (AP)
  • Madras Flying Club Ltd.
    Civil Airport, Madras Airport
  • Coimbatore Flying Club Ltd.
    Civil Aerodrome Post, Coimbatore-641014.

Private Flying Schools in the country are as follows :

  • Frank Airways (P) Ltd.
    Indore (MP)
  • Bangalore Aeronautics & Technical Services
    Bangalore (Karnataka)
  • Flytech Aviaton Academy
    102, Al-Kauser, Street No. 1,
    Road No. 10, West Marredpally,
    Secunderabad-500 026
  • Orient Flight School
    St. Thomas Mount
    Chennai-600 016
  • Hindustan Group of Instiutions
    40, GST road, St. Thomas Mount
    Chennai-600 016

  • Sachdeva Group
  • Sachdeva Institute of Technology
  • St. Joan's Convent
  • Sachdeva School of Excellence
  • Sachdeva New P.T. College
  • Sachdeva Institute of Education
  • Sachdeva Institute of Management & Technology
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